Zveza društev gradbenih inženirjev in tehnikov slovenije
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Objavljeno v: Gradbeni vestnik - 1 - 1965

Avtorji

Lenard Treppo, dipl. inž.

Industrializacija stanovanjske izgradnje

UDK: 728.2.011.26:69.057.1

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Industrial dwelling construction

 

Industrialization of dwelling construction means in all phases of perfomance an application of mechanical means and equipment that are intended for the preparation, processing and production of materials. It demands a scientific work organization in all phases composing the whole construction, i. e. from investigation Programms, designs, price calculation, prefo-mance of building and closing works, and accounts to the final exploitation of objects.
At prefabrication that is a composing part of the industrialization, the so called minimal series of the uniform items is important. The calculation of this series is an indispensable part of design of every industrial process.
The development of industrialized and highly industrialized dwelling construction is considerable in some European countries:
In SSSR the building with large panels has been increased for 17.4 per cent from 1959 to 1962. In Cze-cho-Slovakia and Romunia 50 per cent of all dwelling constructions in 1964 are to be carried out by assembling of prefabricated units. Manufacture of large precast units has increased to 5.1 per cent of total dwel-
ling construction in Sweden in 1958. Precast construction reached 4.3 per cent of all building in West Germany during 1963, in Hamburg even 15 per cent. The industrialized construction reaches 10 °/o of all building in France. In Yugoslavia it reached 6.2 per cent of the total dwelling construction to the end of the 1962. The main endevours of industrial dwelling construction are:
the reduction of construction weight, materials consumption, and working hours,
the increasing of prefabrication degree,
the increasing of safety degree, durability and quality of buildings.
With view to the practice of prefabricated construction the so called open construction system is to be preferred, which means the manufacture of complex components and functional units, made in an industrial way and allowing so variety of assemblage enabling them to supply mutually one other’s place. It is evident that all units should be industrially manufactured and coordinated with regard to dimensions and functional characteristics.

 

Industrialization of dwelling construction means in all phases of perfomance an application of mechanical means and equipment that are intended for the preparation, processing and production of materials. It demands a scientific work organization in all phases composing the whole construction, i. e. from investigation Programms, designs, price calculation, prefo-mance of building and closing works, and accounts to the final exploitation of objects.

At prefabrication that is a composing part of the industrialization, the so called minimal series of the uniform items is important. The calculation of this series is an indispensable part of design of every industrial process.

The development of industrialized and highly industrialized dwelling construction is considerable in some European countries:

In SSSR the building with large panels has been increased for 17.4 per cent from 1959 to 1962. In Cze-cho-Slovakia and Romunia 50 per cent of all dwelling constructions in 1964 are to be carried out by assembling of prefabricated units. Manufacture of large precast units has increased to 5.1 per cent of total dwel-

ling construction in Sweden in 1958. Precast construction reached 4.3 per cent of all building in West Germany during 1963, in Hamburg even 15 per cent. The industrialized construction reaches 10 °/o of all building in France. In Yugoslavia it reached 6.2 per cent of the total dwelling construction to the end of the 1962. The main endevours of industrial dwelling construction are:

the reduction of construction weight, materials consumption, and working hours,

the increasing of prefabrication degree,

the increasing of safety degree, durability and quality of buildings.

With view to the practice of prefabricated construction the so called open construction system is to be preferred, which means the manufacture of complex components and functional units, made in an industrial way and allowing so variety of assemblage enabling them to supply mutually one other’s place. It is evident that all units should be industrially manufactured and coordinated with regard to dimensions and functional characteristics.

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